History of yoga

History of Yoga: It is believed that yoga has been practiced ever since civilization began. The science of yoga originated thousands of years ago, long before the first religions or beliefs were born. In yoga science, Shiva is considered as the first yogi or Adi Yogi and the first Guru or Adi Guru.

A few thousand years prior, on the banks of the Kanti Sarovar Lake in the Himalayas, Adi Yogi conferred his illuminated information to his well known saptarishi.

The Saptarishis took this powerful science of Yoga to different parts of the world including Asia, the Middle East, North Africa, and South America.

Interestingly, modern scholars have noted the close parallel found between ancient cultures throughout the world.

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However, in India, yoga achieved its fullest expression. The Saptarishi named Augusta, who toured the entire Indian subcontinent, coined the culture around living life in a compound way.

Numerous fossil remains and seals of the Indus-Saraswati Valley Civilization with Pitras indicating Yoga indicates the presence of Yoga in India.

Numerous fossil remains and seals of the Indus-Saraswati Valley Civilization with Pitras using Yoga in India. She gives suggestions.

The seals of the idols of the Mother Goddess, the sexual symbol suggest Tantra Yoga.

Yoga has a presence in folk traditions, Indus Valley Civilization, a heritage of Vedic and Upanishads, Buddhist and Jain traditions, darshan, epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana, theistic traditions of Shaivas, Vaishnavas and Tantric traditions.

Apart from this, there was an Adi or Shuddha Yoga which is expressed in the mystic traditions of South Asia.

This was a time when yoga was done under the direct guidance of the Guru and its spiritual value was given special importance.

It was part of worship and yoga practice was enshrined in their culture. During the Vedic period, the sun was given the most importance.

It may be because of this effect that the practice of ‘Surya Namaskar‘ was invented later. Pranayam was part of the daily ritual and was performed for dedication.

Although yoga was practiced in the pre-Vedic period, the great saint Maharishi Patanjali arranged and encapsulated the practices of yoga, its intent, and knowledge related to that time through his yoga formulas.

After Patanjali, numerous sages and yogis contributed significantly to the protection and advancement of yoga through their well-reported practices and writing.


Historical evidence of the presence of yoga was seen in Surya Namaskar Vedic period (2700 BCE) and thereafter till the Patanjali period.

The fundamental sources from which we get data about the acts of yoga and related writing during this period are accessible in the Vedas, Upanishads, Smriti, Buddhism, Jainism, Panini, Preaching of the legends, Puranas, and so on.

The period between 500 BC – 800 AD is tentatively considered as the best period which is also considered as the most fertile and important period in the history and development of yoga.

During this period, Yoga commentaries on Yoga Sutras and Bhagavadgita, etc. came into existence.

This period can be for the most part committed to the two incredible strict ministers of India- Mahavira, and Buddha.

The five great vows by Mahavira – the Pancha Mahavrata and the conception of the Eight Magha or Eight Paths by Buddha – can be considered as the beginning nature of yoga practice.

We get a more clear explanation of this in the Bhagavad Gita, which elaborates on the concepts of Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Karma Yoga.

These three types of yoga are the supreme example of human intelligence even today and people still get peace by following the methods displayed in the Gita.

The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali not only have different components of yoga, but it is mainly identified by the eight paths of yoga. Vyas also wrote a very important commentary on the Yoga Sutras.

During this period, the mind was given importance and it was clearly explained through a yoga practice that both mind and body can be controlled to experience harmony.

The period between 800 AD – 1700 AD is considered as the period after the transcendental period in which the teachings of Mahan Acharyatriyas – Adi Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya and Madhwacharya – were prominent during this period.

The lessons of Sudarshan, Tulsi Das, Purandar Das, Mirabai made extraordinary commitments during this period. Nath Yogis of Hatha Yoga custom, for example, Matsyendra Nath, Gorakh Nath, Gaurangi Nath, Swatmaram Suri, Gheranda, Srinivasa Bhatt are a portion of the extraordinary characters who advanced the convention of Hatha Yoga during this period.

The period between 1700 – 1900 AD is considered as the advanced period in which extraordinary yoga acharyas.

This is a period in which Vedanta, Bhakti Yoga, Nath Yoga or Hatha Yoga flourished. Shadanga – Yoga of Goraksha Shatakam, Chaturanga – Yoga of Hatha Yoga Pradipika, Saptanga – Yoga of Gheranda Samhita – Hatha were the main roots of yoga.

In the contemporary era, yoga has everyone’s faith in preservation, maintenance, and promotion of health.

Learn more about 13 Miraculous Health Benefits of Pranayama

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